Many macro photographers have DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex) cameras and macro photography supportive lenses to shoot different close-up shots. But what about apprentice photographers who own small compact point and shoot (digital cameras) cameras.
If you do not have DSLR cameras, then it’s hard to click macro photographs, but it’s not impossible. Even point and shoot cameras also yield good close-up shots but not exactly macro photographs.
The main draw back between DSLR cameras and point shoot cameras is picture clarity. The DSLR provides the exact picture that is in the ratio of 1:1 while the point and shoot cameras cannot yield the exact ratio and it can be nearer to 1:1. This is the main drawback in digital cameras.
But, because of this you cannot give up the ease of clicking macro photographs. So, here are some tips for point and shoot photographers to get great close-up photographs.
Tips for great macro pictures:
Macro mode: Every digital camera has this feature and many do not exactly know how to use this mode for clicking close up shots. Many just activate the mode and start clicking the images but do not bother to explore the different specifications which are supported in macro mode. Macro mode adjusts the camera lens with smaller aperture and focus the subject while neglecting and sometimes even overlooking the background [Different camera modes].
Aperture: Some cameras even after setting in macro mode support some adjustments. Check if your camera has any such adjustments. If it has, you can play with your aperture setting for great close-up shots. Choosing a small aperture corrects the shallow depth of fields. The smaller aperture (bigger number on the digital cameras) brings the subject into complete focus and gives a perfect close-up shot.
Focus: Macro photos should have complete focus, especially for deleting shallow depths of fields. If the camera is set in auto mode, then some cameras do not support auto focusing. But some cameras support auto focusing and allow the viewer to set the focus. If your digital camera has any such setting, then set the camera in this mode and click close-up shots.
Flash: Macro shots must compulsorily have lighting sources for correct close-ups. The main draw back with the digital cameras is they have limited lighting sources and control over the flash power. So, choose a location which provides proper lighting to the subject as you cannot add any external lighting to your digital camera. But you can take the help of an external flash or some reflectors to add lighting to the subject [Photography lighting].
Composition of the shot: The composition of the shots is very important for good close-up shots. Remember a proper background will also support the shots. When thinking about the composition, try to implement rule of thirds to highlight the subject in a proper frame. Take care that you are correctly following the rule of thirds for smart position of the object and draw the viewer eye towards the close-up image.
Attachments: Normally point and shoot cameras have very less or no accessories. Some of the cameras have some attachments which enlarges the subject and support macro photography in digital cameras. This attachment decreases focal length and enlarges the subject for a good close-up shot.