This comes under journalism, where images are used to form news. Images tell us the news, without the help of words.
Photojournalism is also referred as still images or broadcast journalism. You must have seen in a newspaper or magazine, where a single image will be able to tell us complete story related to the photo without the use of words.
For Example: The first sight of the image tells us that a mother is waiting for help. If some tags are attached to the photo, such as it is taken in so and so country after a disaster, you can understand the level of disaster, which made mother and children homeless.
There are different variations in photojournalism- the first type is where the images are used in article or news to support the editor’s words.
For Example: If the above photo is attached in news article which is explaining the negligence of the government, this photograph makes the reader understand that the government has failed in providing the people with proper shelter.
If this image is attached in the matter which is describing about the disaster happened in a country, it explains the level of disaster that affected the country and made the mother and children homeless.
The second type in the photojournalism is where the photo tells us the story. A collection of images in a magazine or a news paper tells us about the story without the use of words.
For Example: You can click the photographs of an industry, which is causing air pollution and taking the surroundings of the factory, which is polluted. You can show the areas which are polluted with the factory excrete- as a result the health of people living around the factory is spoiled.
A set of photographs showing the air pollution, water pollution and the people suffering will make the reader understand the matter. You are not conveying the matter with words- you are making the reader understand, without the question of using words.
Basic things to carry in a photojournalism shoot:
- 2 Digital cameras
- Lenses- 20mm (for ultra wide angles), 300mm (telephoto) and 17-35mm (zoon lenses)
- Weather resistant bag to store all digital camera accessories
- Speed light flash and a rechargeable battery pack
- Road map
- Mono pad
- Do not carry heavy equipments, with which you cannot run when you need
Photojournalism is often a challenging career and you must be ready to face the pros and cons. You must be ready to shoot photographs in natural disasters and calamities.
To become the best in photojournalism, you must be able to reach the reader’s ideology and understand what they want to see.
Your picture must be able to reveal 5 Ws-Who, What, Where, When and Why. You must click the images from a reader’s view, which is often hard for a beginner.