Studio lighting is a very important aspect of studio photography.
Great care should be taken to make sure a light balance is reached and that the picture is suitable for its use.
The composition must be well positioned so as to balance the natural light and the artificial light.
A variety of lights may be used to achieve the desired lighting from spotlights, to Fresnel, to floodlights and intelligent lights. [Photography Lighting techniques]
Studio lighting provides flexibility when it comes to setting up lighting equipment. It also gives the photographer flexible working hours as he does not need to wait for a certain sun induced light.
When using natural light in your studio it is highly recommended to use a reflector to bounce some light around the studio. A natural light will be reflected with a reflector which may be home made to reflect the sunlight onto the walls of the studio.
This light will fill the room with directed light that will be reflected on all surfaces in the studio. Outdoor light may be used in conjunction with a flash. The flash will bounce off an object in the room behind the subject.
This light would be great for the side of photo composition which is opposite from the source. This is the side where shadows will fall causing darkness and the flash’s reflection will illuminate that given side. The reflected light can be your light source if your subject is close.
Using one light is not only affordable but it is also quite effective as well. Because you are using one light it means you have less lighting issues to deal with including congestion, clutter and expensive lights.
Your electricity bills are also kept to a minimum. A reflector is not required as you may just move the light source closer to the subject. Your light source may come in the form of a strobe which you may mount on a stand to receive outdoor light.
This light source may be complimented with a large light modifier which could be a simple large white shoot through translucent umbrella of approximately 40 inches. Your camera must be set up to give you a good starting point for exposure.
This one light method will give you a soft light because the light source is big. The shadows will also be quite soft because the light is passing through not directly facing the subject.
Professional studio lighting may also be acquired in home studios for basic portraiture. For example, short lighting may be used to create a more dramatic look. This technique relies sorely on the positioning of the photography equipment.
It is most ideal for people with round faces as it creates a triangular light on the side facing the camera. Most people prefer to use the basement or the garage as a studio which limits the amount of sunlight entering your studio.
Black material may also be used to tone down the light, with more layers added the less bright the light is.
However great care must be taken when photographing people dressed in light colored clothing as it might reflect the light from the equipment onto their faces.