In order to take any photo you’ll need light, without light you can’t take a picture, however the other extreme is not good, too much light is bad for your pictures.
Little light does not mean poor quality pictures, some of the best pictures are taken under poor lighting conditions like at night, at dawn and in dark rooms.
Light situation can provide a surprisingly beautiful effect on a full broad light photo. For example light flickering through the branches of a tree onto the person in the photo can create a stunning effect that normal light can’t produce.
The first thing you need to master is how to capture good pictures in dark lighting conditions.
The camera and accompanying photography equipment has to be of high quality. The film has to be a fast highly sensitive film that can pick up the littlest light available.
If you are using a digital camera then you will have to make sure the ISO setting is higher than normal. Under dark conditions it is important to use the flash on the camera, and to make use of any additional light source available or use reflectors.
Using a Flash is the only way to get good pictures in most cases because it’s not always that you’ll have an additional light source. A flash depending on camera can provide you with enough light for most night pictures.
The flash gives you other options, for example you can set the camera on a tripod, and put the camera on “bulb”, then using the detachable part of the flash on “test” mode you can light up certain parts of a larger object.
If you own a professional camera you can also access a specialised feature that allows you to light many different flashes simultaneously.
The flashes can be controlled through a remote control. Using a flash at night can also provide an interesting effect if used with coloured filters. You can illuminate the site in any colour from blue, yellow, red, green or even a combination of these.
To take flash lit photos you’ll have to set your shutter speed at 1/10-1/30, and then you set the ISO in the ranges of 200-400. The next step is to determine the angle of flash when you take the picture, this will have a huge bearing on the quality of your image.
The angle of the camera flash is important because this will determine the length and direction of shadows in the photo.