Whatever camera you use, it has different modes and settings.
Knowing about the modes in the camera helps you to know about the camera and make the operations easier.
Once you completely know about the operations and settings in the camera, you will develop an ease to click the photographs in different modes and settings.
The modes in the camera can be distinguished into:
- Automatic modes
- Semi automatic modes
- Fully manual modes.
Many digital cameras, which are released now-a-days offer automatic or semi automatic modes. This helps the user to take photographs without many arrangements in the settings.
With the evolution of digital camera, every one had become a photographer. Beginners are also able to take interesting and great pictures with these different modes [Photography tips for beginner].
Before using your digital camera, know about the modes and settings in the camera for a better usage.
Know about the different modes in cameras:
The automatic modes in the cameras are like completely done, you need not adjust the settings for a different photograph. These modes in the cameras adjust the aperture, ISO, focal length, focus, flash, shutter speed and white balance.
There are different adjustments in automatic modes such as
Portrait mode: When you activate portrait mode in camera, it adjusts the mode with larger aperture that assists the photographer in keeping the background of your subject out of focus and focusing the subject. Portrait mode is suggested for clicking portrait images where the attention is in the center. Some digital cameras, which are being released now, are even having red eye correction, which corrects the flash according to the lighting conditions in the frame.
Macro mode: This setting in the camera allows the photographer to click images from close-up. This setting widely help photographer to take shots in close-ups. This mode supports shooting objects from a very close-up. Macro modes vary with the camera. The mode may differ from 2-10cm for point and shoot cameras. You cannot use an external flash in the cameras to add lighting into the picture frame. So, by setting the camera in macro mode, you can add lighting to the picture without the use of an external flash. A tripod is always necessary if you are shooting in a macro mode.
Landscape photography: This setting in the camera is exactly opposite of portrait mode. It adjusts the camera with a smaller aperture and allows the camera to capture the picture without un-focusing the background frame. This mode is ideal for capturing wide scenes, nature, mountains and which are far away from the camera. This mode slows the shutter speed and makes the clicking of the landscapes easy. As a slow shutter speed is used in this mode, a tripod is necessary for avoiding the shakes.
Sports mode: Clicking images in this mode is clicking shots which are in action or movement mode. This is designed for photographing objects in sports mode. This mode in the camera is set when clicking images in sports, pets, cars, wildlife and objects in motion. This mode increases the shutter speed and freezes the image without the fear of heading away from the movement.
Night mode: This setting in the camera allows the photographer in clicking the images in night when there is no light source. The camera adjusts itself and look that the pictures do not lack the lighting. The in-built flash in the camera adjusts the settings. Use a tripod to avoid blur in the pictures [Night photography tips].
Movie mode: This setting in the camera is useful if the photographer want to shoot a small documentary. The quality in these cameras may not match the quality of a video camera but this handy mode in camera for photographer is useful in shooting a perfect image or a still image.
Snow mode: Clicking images in snow is very hard, as the snow background acts as a glare in the images. So, a special setting in the camera is necessary for having the images without the snow glare. This mode minimizes the brightness and lighting of the snow.
Indoor mode: Clicking images indoors is very hard because of the lack of light. This setting in the camera helps the photographer to add enough light in the picture without the question of using an external flash.
Some advanced cameras are added with some more external modes such as:
- Stitch mode: Images clicked in this mode adds two different images and make a new picture.
- Underwater mode: This mode is useful in clicking images in underwater. If your camera is not an underwater camera, you can make an underwater enclosure and activate underwater mode and click images underwater.
The semi automatic camera comprises of different settings:
Aperture mode: This aperture priority mode in semi-automatic cameras is used to choose aperture manually while the camera adjust other settings such as shutter speed, ISO and white balance. Aperture is very important when you are minimizing the depth of field in the picture.
Shutter mode: This shutter priority mode in semi-automatic cameras allow you to adjust shutter speed while it adjusts the aperture mode, ISO and white balance. As aperture is directly proportional to shutter speed, this helps the photographer to adjust the shutter speed and click the images.
Program mode: This program mode is similar to the auto mode settings, but gives the photographer to adjust some settings in aperture, white balance, shutter speed and ISO. The settings are monitored by the photographer.
Fully manual modes:
There are no settings or modes in manual operated cameras. The photographer will have total control over the camera and set his own settings. You need to be a professional photographer to completely know about the settings in the camera.
You should know which photographic frame requires what adjustments and settings. This helps the photographer to have flexibility over the camera settings and its shots. To click images in the camera, you should set the shutter speed, ISO, white balance and aperture according to the shots.
Whatever be the camera and its settings, you should know about the camera before buying the camera.